Harmonization/Convergence/Compatibility in Agriculture and Agri-Food Policy

(1997) Tucson, Arizona, USA


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The Third Agriculture and Food Policy Systems Information Workshop was held in Tucson, Arizona, date. Where as the first two workshops were organized around trade disputes between the United States and Canada, this workshop concerned the opposite of trade disputes; harmonization. The content was expanded to consider Mexico as well. Fifty invited participants from the three countries reviewed current trade policies, identified areas where policy changes may be needed and developed an agenda for future research that will contribute to better understanding of agricultural trade policies. The purpose of the workshop was to enhance understanding of economic forces and policies in each country as a means to limiting or avoiding wasteful policy and trade disputes.

The coordinators of this workshop were: Dan Sumner, University of California-Davis; Ron Knutson, Agricultural and Food Policy Center, Texas A&M University; Karl Meilke, University of Guelph; Jack Gellner, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada; and Al Loyns, University of Manitoba. Funding was provided by Farm Foundation; the U.S. Department of Agriculture; Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada; Royal Bank of Canada; and the Competition Bureau, Industry Canada.

Harmonization/Convergence/Compatibility in Agriculture and Agri-Food Policy: Canada, United States and Mexico. R.M.A. Loyns, Ronald D. Knutson, Karl Meilke and Daniel Sumner, eds. Proceedings of the Third Agricultural and Food Policy Systems Information Workshop. Winnipeg, Canada: Friesen Printers, October 1997.


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Full Proceedings


Full Proceedings (22,829KB) --edited by R.M.A. Loyns, Ronald D. Knutson, Karl Meilke and Daniel Sumner

Executive Summary


"Executive Summary-- Agriculture and Food Policy System Information Workshop on Harmonization/Convergence/Compatibility in Agricultural and Agri-Food Policy in Canada, the United States, and Mexico" --R.M.A. Loyns, Ronald D. Knutson, Karl Meilke and Daniel Sumner


I. Harmonization/Convergence/Compatibility: Definitions and Causes


"Policy Dynamics in North American Agriculture: Definitions of and Pressures for Harmonization, Convergence and Compatibility in Policies and Programs Affecting the Agri-Food Sector" --Tim Josling

"Discussion --Policy Dynamics in North American Agriculture" --T. Kelly White

"Discussion --Harmonization/Convergence/Compatibility: Towards Some Conceptual Definitions" --Don McClatchy


II. Harmonization/Convergence/Compatibility: Implications for Dispute Settlement


"Agricultural Policies, Trade Agreements and Dispute Settlement" --Michael N. Gifford

"Discussion --Agricultural Policies, Trade Agreements and Dispute Settlement" --Karl D. Meilke


III. Harmonization/Convergence/Compatibility: Issues, Implications and Impacts


"Commodity Policy Compatibility with Free Trade Agreements" --Daniel A. Sumner and Daniel G. Hallstrom

"Agricultural Policy Reforms and Harmonization/Convergence/Compatibility: The Case of Mexico" --Antonio Yunez-Naude

"Discussion --Commodity Policy Compatibility with Free Trade Agreements" --Tom Richardson

"Technical Regulations and Food Safety in NAFTA" --Maury E. Bredahl and Erin Holleran

"Discussion --Issues, Implications and Impacts of Harmonization/Convergence/Compatibility" --Debra Bryanton

"Discussion --Technical Regulations and Food Safety in NAFTA" --Kate DeRemer

"Environmental Policy Harmonization" --Patricia J. Lindsey and Mary Bohman

"Environmental Policy Harmonization: Comment" --Glenn Fox

"Competition Policy, Trade Liberalization and Agriculture" --Gerald Robertson, W.T. Stanbury, Gernot Kofler and Joseph Montelro

"Discussion --Trade Liberalization and Competition Policy: Influences on Agribusiness and Investment in NAFTA Countries" --Thomas L. Sporleder


IV. Application to Selected Sectors (Red Meats, Poultry and Dairy; Grains and Oilseeds)


"Progress Toward a Single Market: The New Insitutional Economics of the NAFTA Livestock Sectors" --Dermot J. Hayes and William A. Kerr

"The Canada-U.S. Trade Disputes on Dairy and Poultry: A Good Example" --Harry de Gorter and Robert G. de Valk

"Discussion --Emphasis on Technical Barriers to Trade in Dairy Under NAFTA" --Ronald D. Knutson

"Policy Divergence -- Regulatory Convergence in the Livestock and Poultry Industries" --Mike Dungate

"Harmonization and Convergence of Canadian and U.S. Grains and Oilseeds Policies: 1985-1996" --Richard Gray and Vincent H. Smith

"Discussion --Progress with Harmonization/Convergence/Compatibility: U.S. and Canadian Grain Marketing Systems" --Don McClatchy

"Harmonization/Convergence/Compatibility in Grains and Oilseeds: A Comment" --R.M.A. Loyns

"Policy Harmonization, Convergence, and Compatibility Issues in North American Horticulture" --Gary F. Fairchild, Timothy G. Taylor and Thomas I. Wahl

"Implications of Canada Agricultural Producers Act Regulation for Harmonization, Convergence and Compatibility in Horticulture: The British Columbia Experience" --John Schildroth

"Issues Facing the Ontario Horticultural Industry" --David Hope


V. Implications, Research Needs and Future Direction


"Round Table Panel Overview and Wrap-Up" --John J. Murphy

"Future Directions" --Fred Woods

"Reflections on U.S.-Canada-Mexico Policy Harmonization/Convergence/Compatibility" --Hal Harris

"Closing Comments" --Tom Richardson

Al Loyns (Prairie Horizons Ltd), senior editor
David P. Ernstes (Texas A&M University), PDIC webmaster
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