Side by Side
Title I
Commodity Programs
Title II
Title III
Title IV
Nutrition Programs
Title V
Title VI
Rural Development
Title VII
Research & Related Matters
Title VIII
Title IX
Title X
Details & analysis
Background publications
Farm policy glossary
USDA Farm Bill page
ERS policy-related briefing rooms
Farm Bill legislation (PDF)


The Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (2002 Farm Act) was signed into law on May 13, 2002, and will govern Federal farm programs for the next 6 years (2002-07). Provisions of the 2002 Farm Act support the production of a reliable, safe, and affordable supply of food and fiber; promote stewardship of agricultural land and water resources; facilitate access to American farm products at home and abroad; encourage continued economic and infrastructure development in rural America; and ensure continued research to maintain an efficient and innovative agricultural and food sector.

Reports of the Economic Research Service (ERS) of USDA related to the 2002 Farm Act include:

  • Side by side: old and new. The ERS Farm Bill Side by Side is a comparison of the new 2002 farm bill with 1996-2001 farm legislation. Summarized but substantive, it offers a time-saving reference to farm bill provisions. Highlighted in the side by side, the legislation alters the farm payment program and introduces counter-cyclical farm income support; expands conservation land retirement programs and emphasizes on-farm environmental practices; relaxes rules to make more borrowers eligible for Federal farm credit assistance; restores food stamp eligibility for legal immigrants; adds various commodities to those requiring country-of-origin labeling; introduces provisions on animal welfare.

  • Economic analysis. The 2002 Farm Act: Provisions and Implications for Commodity Markets (November 2002) provides an initial assessment of the legislation's effects on agricultural production, commodity markets, and net farm income over the next 10 years.

    Other selected background publications and links to ERS policy-related briefing rooms also are included on this CD.

  Click on these buttons in the side-by-side comparisons for more details and ERS analysis.

ERS is the main source of economic information and research from the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Located in Washington, DC, ERS offers accurate, timely, and comprehensive economic analysis on issues related to agriculture, food, natural resources, and rural America. The mission of the agency is to provide public and private decisionmakers with the information they need to conduct business; formulate policy; or learn about the farm, rural, and food sectors.


  All publications on this CD are in PDF format. You must have the Adobe Acrobat Reader plug-in installed on your system to use. <more about Acrobat>

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for more information, contact: Farm policy team