Understanding Canada/United States Grain Disputes

(1995) Rio Rico, Arizona, USA


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The First Agriculture and Food Policy Systems Information Workshop was held in Rio Rico, Arizona, March 3 and 4, 1995. The workshop focused on grains disputes, which had been a high profile issue in Canada/United States relations throughout 1994 and early 1995. The organizers believed that one of the contributing factors to policy and trade disputes during that time was lack of knowledge and understanding of the policy instruments. Consequently, the workshop was organized to first educate the participants about the policy systems in the two countries and how policy decisions are made. As a third theme, the workshop addressed the issues surrounding Canada/United States grain disputes.

The organizing committee for this workshop included Jack Gellner and Bruce Kirk from Agriculture Canada, Ron Knutson from the Agriculture and Food Policy Center, Texas A & M University, Karl Meilke, Department of Agricultural Economics and Business, University of Guelph, and Al Loyns, Department of Agricultural Economics and Farm Management, University of Manitoba.

Seed funding for the preparatory work and workshop was obtained from several sources. Farm Foundation and the U.S. Department of Agriculture supported part of the contribution of several of the United States attendees. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada provided support for the Canadians and for this publication. The Universities of Guelph and Manitoba, and Texas A& M supported the three principle academics in planning the workshop and completing the printed publication.

Understanding Canada/United States Grain Disputes. R.M.A. Loyns, Ronald D. Knutson and Karl Meilke, eds. Proceedings of the First Canada/U.S. Agricultural and Food Policy Systems Information Workshop. Winnipeg, Canada: Friesen Printers, April 1995.


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Full Proceedings


Full Proceedings (8,422 KB) --edited by R.M.A. Loyns, Ronald D. Knutson and Karl Meilke

Executive Summary


Executive Summary --R.M.A. Loyns, Ronald D. Knutson and Karl Meilke

Theme: How Decisions are Made


"How Policy Decisions are Made in Canadian Agriculture" --Douglas D. Hedley and Jack A. Gellner

"A Provincial Perspective" --Robert Seguin

"How Policy Decisions are Made in U.S. Agriculture" --Ronald D. Knutson


Theme: Policy Systems Overview


"Overview of Canadian Agricultural Policy Systems" --Richard Barichello

"Farm Programs and Related Policy in the United States" --Daniel A. Sumner


Theme: Understanding the Canada/United States Grains Disputes: Background, Factors and Impacts


"Canadian Background and Description" --Bruce D. Kirk

"Understanding the Canada/United States Grains Dispute: Background and Description" --William W. Wilson and Demcey Johnson

"Understanding the Canada/United States Grains Dispute: Factors and Impacts" --Colin A. Carter

"Effects of EEP on Canadian/United States Wheat Trade" --Robert E. Young II, Gary Adams and Michael Helmar

Al Loyns (Prairie Horizons Ltd), senior editor
David P. Ernstes (Texas A&M University), PDIC webmaster
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